Home

SpeedFan 4 52

SpeedFan Download (2021 Latest) for Windows 10, 8, 7

SpeedFan. 4.52. Almico (Free) User rating. Download Latest Version (3.09 MB) Changelog. We don't have any change log information yet for version 4.52 of SpeedFan. Sometimes publishers take a little while to make this information available, so please check back in a few days to see if it has been updated SpeedFan, gratis download. SpeedFan 4.52: Controle over je ventilatorsnelheid en processorgebruik The latest version is SpeedFan 4.52. Some tools (like Norton Internet Security or ZoneAlarm) may interfere with the download process. Basically, the REFERER field must be properly sent to SpeedFan's web server. Download won't work if any tool blocks it Alfredo Milani Comparetti heeft versie 4.52 van SpeedFan uitgebracht. Dit kleine hardwaremonitorprogramma geeft informatie weer over allerhande zaken in de computer, zoals spanningsniveaus. What's new in SpeedFan 4.52: Designed for hardcore users who frequently hog the system's resources (such as video gamers and graphic designers), SpeedFan offers a simple and effective solution to.

Download SpeedFan 4

SpeedFan - 4.52 . Home > System Information > SpeedFan - 4.52 . File Info: instspeedfan452.exe: SpeedFan is a freeware program that monitors voltages, fan speeds and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips 4.52. Aug 1st, 2019. Older versions. Advertisement. Amazing, SpeedFan is great if you don't want to have problems with your system performance. You will be able to know the temperature of the micro, HD, fan speed and charge of the CPU. Now you can sleep without having to worry SpeedFan 4.52 Final is now online! It adds support for a lot of new hardware.Bug fixes and more, as always. This version took quite a long time to see the light because of many things that happened

How to use speedfan (v4.52) for cooling fan speed control. Leave a Comment / How to / By Learners Heaven. Speedfan is a very useful software for monitoring CPU core temperature and fan speed. In this article, we will review how to use SpeedFan properly SpeedFan 4.52 kostenlos in deutscher Version downloaden! Weitere virengeprüfte Software aus der Kategorie Tuning & System finden Sie bei computerbild.de

SpeedFan - Downloa

  1. Overzicht. SpeedFan is Freeware software in de categorie Systeemhulpprogramma's ontwikkeld door Alfredo Milani Comparetti.. In de afgelopen maand werd het 1.665 keer gecontroleerd op updates door de gebruikers van onze applicatie UpdateStar.. De nieuwste versie van SpeedFan is 4.52.0.0, uitgegeven op 08-09-2016
  2. 4.52. SpeedFan. Downloaden. Downloaden Freeware (3,09 MB) Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Windows 8 Windows 10 - Engels. 10 /10. Iedereen op onze redactie is al jarenlang groot fan van SpeedFan. SpeedFan is de ultieme tool om je hardware onder de loep te nemen
  3. « Avast Browser Cleanup 12.1.2272.125 · SpeedFan 4.52 · Show Disk Partition Style 1.0 » Comment Rules & Etiquette - We welcome all comments from our readers, but any comment section requires some moderation

Control the fan speeds of your CPU/GPU and Chassis fans based on varying temperature readings from your system.SpeedFan Home Pagehttp://almico.com/speedfan.p.. SpeedFan 4.52 Deutsch: Mit der Gratis-Software SpeedFan steuern Sie die Geschwindigkeit Ihres CPU-Lüfters SpeedFan 4.52http://filehippo.com/download_speedfan

Última Versión. 4.52. 1 ago. 2019. Otras versiones. Publicidad. SpeedFan es una gran herramienta de control que te evitará más de un disgusto, pues permite en todo momento y en tiempo real acceder a la temperatura del microprocesador, los discos duros, la velocidad de los ventiladores y la carga de la CPU. SpeedFan no sólo ofrece. SpeedFan is a program that monitors voltages, fan speeds and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips. SpeedFan can even access S.M.A.R.T. info and show hard disk temperatures. Download SpeedFan 4.52 Ultima versione. 4.52. 1 ago 2019. Versione precedente. Pubblicità. SpeedFan è un incredibile strumento che ti permetterà di prevenire alcuni problemi di performance del tuo sistema. Sarai in grado di conoscere la temperatura dell'Hard-Disc, la velocità della ventola e l'utilizzo della CPU, ecc. E queste non sono nemmeno le funzioni. Opis SpeedFan 4.52. SpeedFAN jest darmowym programem który monitoruje napięcie, prędkość wentylatorów i temperaturę komputera. SpeedFAN potrafi także czytać informacje S.M.A.R.T jeśli dysk twardy wspiera tę technologię oraz podaje jego temperaturę. Narzędzie obsługuje dyski SCSI 4.52. 1 Aug 2019. Ältere Versionen. Werbung. SpeedFan ist eine tolle Anwendung für alle, die Wert auf viel Performance legen. Mit der Anwendung erfährt man die Temperaturen von CPU und Festplatte sowie die Lüfterdrehzahlen und die Ladung der CPU. So kann man wieder guten Gewissens einschlafen

Download SpeedFan - Access temperature sensor in your compute

SpeedFan 4.52. Review. Download 3 Screenshots Our review No Video. A small application that shows you fan speed SpeedFan is a simple utility that displays the fan speed, voltage and chip temperature of your PC. With SpeedFan you can access digital temperature sensors and modify fan speeds and even change the FSB on some hardware SpeedFan is a system monitor for Microsoft Windows that can read temperatures, voltages and fan speeds of computer components. It can change computer fan speeds depending on the temperature of various components. The program can display system variables as charts and as an indicator in the system tray. Fully configurable user events can be defined to execute specific actions based on system statu SpeedFan kan een automatische aanpassing van de interne processorbusfrequentie en PCI-bus. De software biedt ook de mogelijkheid om afbeeldingen van de verandering van temperatuur, 4.52. Taal: English. Downloaden Speedfan. Klik op de groene knop om het downloaden te starten Versão mais recente. 4.52. 1 ago 2019. Versões anteriores. Propaganda. Fantástico, o SpeedFan é ótimo se não quer ter problemas com o desempenho do seu sistema. Poderá saber a temperatura do micro, HD, a velocidade da ventoinha e a carga do seu CPU. Agora pode dormir sem ter de se preocupar. E essa não é a principal função do. Alfredo Milani Comparetti heeft versie 4.51 van SpeedFan uitgebracht. Dit kleine hardwaremonitorprogramma geeft informatie weer over allerhande zaken in de computer, zoals spanningsniveaus.

SpeedFan is a completely free application for Windows computers only. It provides you with an intuitive graphical interface and easy options to control your PC fan speeds. You can also use SpeedFan to monitor the temperature of your motherboard and hard disk, inspect voltages, as well as verify the status of your HDD using S.M.A.R.T. or SCSI attributes SpeedFan 4.52. SpeedFan to bardzo przydatny program diagnostyczny, który powinien znaleźć się na każdym komputerze klasy PC. Dzięki tej aplikacji możliwe stanie się monitorowanie prędkości obrotowej wentylatorów zamontowanych w naszym pececie. SpeedFan to darmowy program do monitorowania prędkości obrotowej wiatraczków. 4.52. SpeedFan. Downloaden. Downloaden Freeware (3,09 MB) Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Windows 8 Windows 10 - Engels. 10 /10. Iedereen op onze redactie is al jarenlang groot fan van SpeedFan. SpeedFan is de ultieme tool om je hardware onder de loep te nemen Download SpeedFan 4.52. Ontwikkelaar: Almico: OS: Windows: Licentie: Freeware: Grootte: 3 MB: Om een computer te maken is het nodiggeschikte hardware en software. Omdat deze hardware en software een computer bouwen zodat de computer normaal kan worden gebruikt

SpeedFan 4

Download SpeedFan for Windows to monitor fan speeds, temperatures, and voltages in computers with hardware monitoring chips. SpeedFan has had 0 updates within the past 6 months SpeedFan downloaden bij Softonic - veilig en 100% virusvrij SpeedFan gratis downloaden, SpeedFan downloade

Software-update: SpeedFan 4

  1. Java Runtime Environment IMO ( ) Nero
  2. How to Use SpeedFan for Fan Speed Control in Windows 10. We show you how to use SpeedFan in Windows 10 for general fan speed control, as well as how to check fan speed and create an automatic profile
  3. sovdap про SpeedFan 4.52 [09-08-2020] Это лучшая программа, да с настройкой надо заморочиться, но можно сделать бекап просто сохранить папку с конфигом. и это на года, у меня всегда видна температура это очень важно, наверное самое.
  4. SpeedFan دانلود نرم افزار SpeedFan 4.52 Final نرم افزاری برای نظارت بر ولتاژ، درجه حرارت و سرعت فن در کامپیوترها با مانیتور تراشه های سخت افزار می باشد. توسط این نرم افزار حتی می توانید ب
  5. SpeedFan should be the main software application for all overclockers.All by itself, this software will control the temperature of the CPU, the speed of the fans, the processor's load,... This application can show plenty of data straight on your desktop
  6. SpeedFan 4.52: Keep a close eye on your PCs temperatures, fan speeds, hard drive status and more with this versatile hardware monito

SpeedFan (4.52) - Freeware Review. 1. I give SpeedFan an Overall Rating of 4.5 out of 5 - This new version seems to have out done itself yet again with an even bigger and better database of CPU's , Motherboards and Graphics cards and GPU's to detect from SpeedFan 4.52. Download Now! Direct link. SpeedFan is a program that monitors voltages, fan speeds and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips. SpeedFan can even access S.M.A.R.T. info and show hard disk temperatures. Last update 2 Sep. 201 speedfan 4.52. Greetings: I downloaded a software named speedfan 4.52, yet before installation I wanted to consult with. The software as its name shows balances the speed of computer's fan (s) according to its temperature. My laptop has an outer fan (I bought it separately and connect it to laptop just like a mouse) and its inner fan SpeedFan 4.52 Final (2017) Multi/Русский скачать торрент. Windows 9x, ME, NT, 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, Windows 7, 2008, Windows 8, Windows 10 and Windows Server 2012. It works with Windows 64 bit too У нас вы можете бесплатно скачать SpeedFan 4.52 для Windows инструмент за контролем над температурой русскую версию

SpeedFan 4.52. Geef een score. Uitstekend Goed Middelmatig Slecht Zeer slecht Toegevoegd door compuchrisje - 10 juli 2006. Ontwikkelaar: Alfredo Milani Comparetti: Bestandsgrootte: 2,94 MB: Downloads: 1.677 + Download: SpeedFan is een. The file that was tested for SpeedFan was instspeedfan452.exe.These tests apply to SpeedFan 4.52 which is the latest version last time we checked. According to our test on Jul 6, 2016, this program *is* a clean download and virus-free; it should be safe to run يمكنك تحميل برنامج قياس أداء قطع الكمبيوتر المختلفة واختبار أداء القرص الصلب SpeedFan 4.52 بالإصدار الأخير من موقع داونزن مجانا بالضغط على زر التحميل في الصفحة. الوسوم. مواصفات الكمبيوتر, اختبار.

Download SpeedFan 4

Speedfan, das jetzt in Version 4.52 bereitsteht, hat mehr Funktionen, als der Name vermuten lässt. Den Download der Lüftersteuerung finden Sie bei PC Games Hardware. Mit dem kleinen Software. SpeedFan 4.52. SpeedFan is a program that monitors voltages, fan speeds and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips. The main viewing purpose of SpeedFan is to show its user what's going on with their machine. When minimized, a temperature reading is showed on the button right of the desktop. When Speedfan is in an open window. Télécharger SpeedFan 4.52 pour Windows. Téléchargements rapides des meilleurs logiciels gratuits. Cliquez ic Codename: HighFlyer, specs: CPU: i5 2500k cooled by a H70ish(2 rad) Mobo: MSI MPower Z77 GPUs: Gigabyte GTX 660 OC 1150 MHZ core, 3150 memory both RAM: Corsair Vengeance 16G @1600mhz SSD: ADATA Premier Pro sx900 / HDD Seagate Barracuda 1TB/Samsung 1TB Power supply: Corsair RM650 80+ Gold Case Corsair Carbide 500R 5.4 ghz achieved on the good old 2500k, may it rest in peace 资源说明:speedfan风扇温度及转速检测工具中文版v4.52[附教程],由http://www.almico.com/speedfan.php制作,可以帮助你

SpeedFan - 4.52 - instspeedfan452.exe - EXTREME ..

Chocolatey is software management automation for Windows that wraps installers, executables, zips, and scripts into compiled packages. Chocolatey integrates w/SCCM, Puppet, Chef, etc. Chocolatey is trusted by businesses to manage software deployments Скачать последнюю версию SpeedFan для Windows. Управляйте скоростью кулеров и температурой системы. Приложение SpeedFan нужно, если вы не хотите иметь проблем.. قم بتنزيل آخر نسخة من SpeedFan لـ Windows. 4.52. 1 أغسطس 2019. نسخ أقدم . الإشهار . مذهل، SpeedFan شيء عظيم إذا كنت لا تريد أن يكون لديك مشاكل مع أداء النظام الخاص بك tải speedfan miễn phí. Phiên bản 4.52 của phần mềm SpeedFan được chúng tôi cập nhật để cho bạn dễ dàng download, việc download và cài đặt là quyết định của bạn. Chúng tôi không chịu trách nhiệm về những phát sinh (nếu có) trong quá trình cài đặt và sử dụng do phần.

Télécharger SpeedFan 4.52. SpeedFan est un logiciel populaire de monitoring gratuit et très léger, permettant de surveiller les éléments composant un ordinateur. En effet, en quelques clics de souris, il est possible de paramétrer les réglages souhaités... Download SpeedFan 4.52 for Windows for free, without any viruses, from Uptodown. Try the latest version of SpeedFan 2019 for Window

4.52. 1 8월 2019. 구 버전. 광고. 스피드팬 (SpeedFan)은 시스템 실행 문제를 최소화할 수 있는 놀라운 앱입니다. 마이크로의 온도, HD, 팬 속도 및 PCU의 충전 사항에 관하여 알 수 있기 때문에 이젠 밤에도 걱정 없이 잠을 잘 수 있습니다. 이와 함께 스피트팬에는 정보. Thay đổi ở bản mới SpeedFan 4.52. Bổ sung hỗ trợ đầy đủ cho IPMI, IT IT8771E, Intel Sunrise Point (Z170) SMBus, STMicro STTS2004, NCT6793D, Giantec GT34TS04 và GT34TS02, Atom E3800 SMBus, Atom C2000 SMBus, Fintek F71878A/F71868A ở địa chỉ không chuẩ SpeedFan - Umfangreiche Lüftersteuerung. Wie der Name bereits verrät, ist SpeedFan 4.52 ein Programm, mit dem Sie die Geschwindigkeiten Ihrer Computerlüfter überwachen und steuern können.

SpeedFan 4.52 for Windows - Downloa

SpeedFan - Download

SpeedFan listet Rotationsgeschwindigkeiten aller gefundenen Lüfter, Spannungswerte, sowie die Temperaturen, unter anderem von CPU, GPU oder der Festplatten (S.M.A.R.T), sofern diese solche Überwachungsfunktionen auch unterstützen, auf Downloads: 26k. Version: 4.52. Compatible: Windows. DOWNLOAD FREE. Looking for safe Speedfan 4.52 download links? Learn more about free and legal ways to download the program in 2021. SpeedFan has proven to be one of the leading software tools that help in troubleshooting computer systems

SpeedFan for Windows. 4.52. Download. Keep tabs on your PC. 1/3. Make sure your PC's components don't overheat. Control fan speeds to ensure optimal performance, especially when using a laptop. Reduces power consumption and noise levels. Ward off overheating SpeedFan 4.52. · Jun 30, 2016 17:48 EDT · Hot! SpeedFan monitors temperatures from several sources. By properly configuring SpeedFan, you can let it change fan speeds based on system. Trusted Windows (PC) download SpeedFan 4.52. Virus-free and 100% clean download. Get SpeedFan alternative downloads ScreenShots: Software Description: SpeedFan 4.52 Final Crack Adjust And Change FanSpeed SpeedFan 4.52 Final A Free ToolTo Measure The Fan Speed Of The CPU And Its Temperature, AllowingYou To Control The Temperature And Speed Of The Fan, And IncreaseThe System Performance.Many Believe That Only A Round Grip Inside The Chassis And AroundThe Fan Read more

SpeedFan - Access temperature sensor in your compute

Скачать SpeedFan 4.52 на русском последняя версия. Бесплатная программа SpeedFan для 32- и 64-битной операционной системы Windows 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista, XP SP 3 демонстрирует текущее состояние жесткого диска. sadly, the last revision of speedfan that I can personally fine is 4.52 which was released back in June 2016, well before the Ryzen chips. Your best/only option here will be to tune your fan curves as best you can in the BIOS Nie mamy jeszcze żadnych informacji o dzienniku zmian wersji 4.52 SpeedFan. Czasami wydawcy poświęcają trochę czasu na udostępnienie tych informacji, więc sprawdź ponownie za kilka dni, aby sprawdzić, czy zostały zaktualizowane. Czy możesz pomóc. Jeśli masz jakiś dziennik zmian, podziel się z nami! Chcemy poznać Twoją opinię

SpeedFan 4.42. 10,291 Downloads. SpeedFan 4.42 0 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. File Size: 1.88 MB. Date Released: Add info. Works on: Windows 2000 / Windows 2000 x64 / Windows 7 / Windows 7 x64 / Windows 8 / Windows 8 x64 / Windows 98 / Windows ME / Windows NT / Windows Vista / Windows Vista x64 / Windows XP / Windows XP x64 SpeedFan 4.52 русская версия для Windows 7-10 - скачать последнюю версию программы для Windows 10 или более ранних версий можно бесплатно на сайте 1progs.r

SpeedFan Download. Download SpeedFan 4.52. Other popular downloads in System Tools. CrystalDiskInfo Free hard drive info and health monitoring: Editor: Users : (3) Backup4all Trial backup your files: Editor: Users : (5) Q-Dir Free multi-pane file explorer: Editor: Users : (14 Configurare speedfan in maniera automatica: A questo proposito iniziamo a configurare meglio Speedfan cliccando su Configure. Ora portiamoci su Speeds e selezioniamo il componente/ventola che vogliamo regolare. Come vedete nell'immagine di esempio, mi sono soffermato su GPU Fan, (Le ventole della scheda video) nel menu sottostante. SpeedFan 4.52下载是SpeedFan 是一个监视电脑风扇速度及温度的软件|硬

CPU Belastung = Hier zeigt SpeedFan die momentane CPU Belastung an. Hat dein Prozessor 2 Kerne, siehst du auch genau, welcher Kern gerade belastet wird. 3. CPU Lüfter = Hier sieht man, mit wie vielen RPM (Runden pro Minute) der Lüfter sich dreht. 4. Temperaturen = Hier werden Temperaturen von versch SpeedFan. 4.52. SpeedFan ist ein ausgezeichnetes Overclocking-Tool, um die CPU zu kontrollieren. Downloaden Sie SpeedFan kostenlos und holen Sie das Beste aus Ihrer CPU. Stimm ab. 1. 2. 3. 4 SpeedFan Version 4.52 Das Programm SpeedFan hilft Ihnen dabei, den Überblick über die Temperatur und Lüftersteuerung Ihres PCs zu behalten. Mit der Software lesen Sie alle wichtigen Informationen dazu aus und steuern die Geschwindigkeit des Lüfters SpeedFan: Freeware that lets you track and change your whirring blades' RPMs. SpeedFan 4.52 free download SpeedFanのバージョン4.52に関する変更ログ情報はまだありません。出版社がこの情報を公開するのに時間がかかる場合がありますので、数日後にもう一度チェックして更新されたかどうかを確認した後、 アンケートにお答えいただけますか

SpeedFan 4

Last modified: Sat May 15 08:50:15 UTC 2021: Last modified by: tim.lebedk... Created: Fri Jul 26 22:50:04 UTC 2019: Created by: tim.lebedk... Automated tests Версия: 4.52 Speedfan - бесплатная утилита, предназначенная для мониторинга температуры и контроля скорости вращения кулеров в компьютерах

How to use speedfan (v4

SpeedFan 4.52 中文版 - 電腦溫度監控小軟體 改變風扇速度. 電腦溫度監控小軟體 - SpeedFan,會在桌面右下角工作列小圖示以數字顯示顯示卡溫度,可以利用硬體晶片監控電腦的電壓、風扇速度、溫度,甚至存取顯示S.M.A.R.T.資訊及顯示硬碟溫度,也支援SCSI硬碟,甚至. SpeedFan 4.52 Deutsch. 29. Juni 2016 - Release Notes. Windows 10, 8, 7 [CB] Download (3 MB) Download-Fehler melden? Weitere Downloads aus der Kategorie Systemtools. All in One Runtime

speedfan 4.52 中文版. speedfan 是一款好用的硬件监控工具,作为监视电脑cpu风扇转速调节及温度的软件,speedfan可以帮助你完美调节风扇的温度以及转速,需要的用户的不要错过哦! speedfan可以为你分析电脑中各个硬件的工作情况,并为你实时显示硬件工作时的参数. Scarica SpeedFan 4.52 per Windows gratuitamente. SpeedFan permette all'utente di monitorare le temperature, tensioni e velocità delle ventole a computer tramite chip monitoraggio hardware. La funzione di visualizzazione primaria di SpeedFan è quel.. SpeedFan 4.52 SCREENSHOT. Monitors fan speeds, temperatures and voltages. Download Now. Large screenshots have been reduced in size

Tutoriel complet. - SOSPC. Le Garage du PC • Logiciels libres. Speedfan. Tutoriel complet. 5 ans avant. Si vous avez l'intention de vous occuper de l'entretien de votre ordinateur Speedfan est LE logiciel indispensable. Il permet avant même l'ouverture du boitier de votre pc de connaitre des informations essentielles SpeedFan monitors fan speeds, temperatures and voltages in computers with hardware monitor chips. It can even access S.M.A.R.T. info for those hard disks that support this feature and show hard disk temperatures too, if supported. It can even change the FSB on some hardware. At the lowest level, it is a hardware monitor software, but its main. SpeedFan 4.52 09/01/2020 13:34 #132046. fabry2dgl; Autore della discussione; Offline; Computer Ciao a tutti Messaggi: 772 Ringraziamenti ricevuti 4 Però se metto 100% di elaborazione le temperature schizzano oltre 80° Si prega Accedi o Crea un account a partecipare alla conversazione. SpeedFan 4.52 09/01. ดาวน์โหลดเวอร์ชันใหม่ล่าสุดของ SpeedFan สำหรับ Windows. ควบคุมพัดลมและอุณหภูมิในระบบของคุณได้เลย. SpeedFan อันน่าทึ่งนี้เยี่ยมมาก ๆ ถ้าคุณไม่ต้องการให้. Скачать SpeedFan на русском языке, Вы можете непосредственно из файлового архива RainbowSky.ru, по прямой ссылке приведенной ниже: Скачать SpeedFan 4.52 Final (3 Мб) Разработчик: Alfredo Milani Comparett

Download SpeedFan latest release🌡️13 Best CPU Temperature Monitor Software For PC in 2021Syntax-Creatify: SpeedFanSpeedFan's info about MS7345 (P35 Neo2-FR/FIR)MSI Afterburner 4

SpeedFan. 4.52. あなたの CPU の必要量 SpeedFan 、そのコンポーネントを制御するオーバーク ロック ツールです。. ダウンロードしたら、限界にあなたのプロセッサを取る SpeedFan お使いの PC 上で無料. 評価. 1. 2. 3. 4 Télécharge gratuitement SpeedFan 4.52 pour Windows sans aucun virus, sur Uptodown. Essaye les dernières versions de SpeedFan 2019 pour Window 4.52. لغة: English. التعليقات على Speedfan. برامج مشابهة ل Speedfan. AIDA64 Extreme. AIDA64 Extreme - أداة لاختبار وتحليل قدرات النظام. يعرض البرنامج المعلومات المفصلة حول مكون جهاز الكمبيوتر الخاص بك. FurMark SpeedFan 4.52 04/11/2020 Bởi Đặng Phương SpeedFan 4,52 phần mềm kiểm tra nhiệt độ CPU và nhiều bộ phận khác trong máy tính có chức năng theo dõi nhiệt độ của CPU, bo mạch chủ, card màn hình và ổ cứng SpeedFan 4,52 phần mềm kiểm tra nhiệt độ CPU và nhiều bộ phận khác trong máy tính có chức năng theo dõi nhiệt độ của CPU, bo mạch chủ, card màn hình và ổ cứng. Sử dụng ứng dụng này, chúng ta cũng có thể kiểm tra và cấu hình hệ thống làm mát, đo điện áp, kiểm tra.